If you have acute back pain, tension, or for prevention, you should stretch your back regularly. We’ll show you three simple exercises every day.
Back pain is common
If you also suffer from occasional back pain or tension, you are not alone. The main reasons for this are a lack of exercise in everyday life, too much stress, and psychological stress.
But even if you sit a lot regularly, you don’t have to be condemned to eternal back pain. Tension mainly occurs when there is no balance in the form of movement. If you compensate for sitting with regular, moderate exercise, you have already taken a big step against back pain. Instead of taking the car to work, for example, you can switch to a bicycle if you are not too far away. Also, avoid the elevator as often as possible and take the stairs. Regular exercise such as swimming and yoga are even better.
Here we also show you three exercises with which you can stretch your back.
Stretch your back against shortened muscles
Frequent sitting and lack of movement can mean that you no longer fully utilize the potential range of motion of your back muscles in everyday life. As a result, your muscles shorten and the fascia surrounding them contract and stick together. Back pain and stubborn tension are the results.
A tried and tested means of relieving tension are stretching exercises for the back: Regular gentle stretching gradually loosens stuck fasciae and stretches your muscles over the long term. Blockages can be released in this way.
The exercises are only really effective if you do them regularly and over a long period of time. Your muscles won’t build up again overnight. Give your body time and only do the exercises to the extent that is good for you.
Exercise 1: Gentle stretching of the back extensors
The “erector spinae muscle”, also popularly known as the back extensor muscle , is a group of muscles that keep the body and spine upright, tilt it to the side or rotate it. The muscles of the back extensor run along both sides of the spine and are often shortened as a result of a lack of exercise.
One effective exercise in stretching the back extensors is unrolling the back vertebrae by vertebra. This stretches your muscles along your entire spine.
Stretching the back extensors
- Stand upright on a mat or the floor. Your feet are shoulder-width apart.
- Now let your head slowly become heavy and try to let it sink forward in a relaxed manner. Make sure that initially only the head and neck vertebrae roll forward.
- Then roll your thoracic vertebrae forwards in one flowing movement and then take the vertebrae of the middle back and lumbar spine with you. Your arms are allowed to swing forward in a relaxed manner. Feel each vertebra individually and do the exercise slowly. A slight pull in the spine and lumbar area are just right here. Pain shouldn’t arise.
- Roll down your entire spine, vertebra by vertebra, and only stop when you have reached your individual limit and you have the feeling that you cannot go any further.
- Hold the bent forward position for a moment, gently swinging your arms back and forth.
- Finally, roll back up vertebra by vertebra in the same way until you are back in the starting position.
Tip : You may not be able to reach your toes with your fingertips at first. That’s not bad either. If you do the exercise regularly, you will soon see significant progress.
Exercise 2: Marjaryasana for a strong back
Another effective and gentle exercise for the back comes from yoga: Marjaryasana or “cat hump” ensures flexibility and relaxation of the back muscles and at the same time brings new strength to the spine and neck. It also strengthens your abdominal muscles at the same time, which is important because muscles should always be built on both sides of the body. Through targeted breathing during this yoga exercise, you also relax your entire body and recharge your batteries.
Marjaryasana / cat hump:
- Lay out a yoga mat (available from ** Avocadostore , for example ) or a folded blanket to protect your knees.
- Get into the quadruped position with your palms, knees, shins and tops of your feet touching the ground. Your knees are hip-width apart and parallel to each other, your arms are shoulder-width apart.
- Breathe in and out calmly and deeply a few times.
- The next time you inhale, pull your belly button in firmly and tilt your pelvis back and your buttocks inwards so that your entire spine curves towards the ceiling. Your head bends down as far as possible to reinforce the curve of the spine.
- On the next exhalation, gently loosen the cat’s hump over the straight line in the opposite direction: pull in your stomach again, this time stretch your head and neck upwards and tilt your pelvis and lower back forward and your bottom back. The stomach and spine now bend towards the floor.
- Repeat the movement sequences as slowly and fluently as possible a few times in a row. If you find it difficult to breathe correctly at first, you can also stay in each position for a while and breathe deeply in and out before you stretch back in the opposite direction.
Tip : To increase the stretch, try to push yourself a bit lower or higher with each new bend and curve and get your back even rounder. You will notice how you get more and more stretching with regular back training .
Exercise 3: A quick exercise in the workplace
You can also do something for a healthy back while you are at your desk.
- Slide your office chair away from the tabletop and sit on the edge of the chair in front.
- Keep your torso upright and put your arms against your body.
- Bend your forearms forward at a right angle and start flicking them up and down alternately at a fast pace – something like you’re playing a drum.
This simple exercise stretches and provides blood to your back and builds muscle. You can do it wonderfully in small work breaks and do not even have to get up.
Text Source: Utopia